Glossary

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Aquaculture: raising fish in captivity.

Aqua Farm: any farm that uses water as the primary medium in which to grow products. Recirculating farms are a type of aqua farm.

Aquaponics: growing both plants and fish in a closed-loop system that continually recirculates water.

Bivalves: meaning “two shells”, the terms covers various shellfish that have two shells — clams, mussels, oysters, scallops, etc.

Feed Conversion Ratio: the amount of fish protein needed to grow 1 lb of carnivorous fish in captivity.

Fin Fish: fish with fins like cod, snapper, grouper, tuna, mahi-mahi, etc., as opposed to shellfish (like lobster, crab, mussels, clams etc.).

Green: eco-friendly or environmentally sustainable.

Hydroponics: growing plants in water without soil.

Nutrients: a source of nourishment essential to plant and animal health. When discussed in the context of water, the term nutrients often refer to a build up of various chemical elements. Nitrogen and phosphorus are nutrients that are important to aquatic life, but in high concentrations they can be contaminants in water. These nutrients occur in a variety of forms. In a natural setting, they can come from animal waste and decomposition of plant materials.

Recirculating Aquaculture System: a closed-loop method to grow fish in continually recirculating water.

Recirculating Farm: a closed-loop facility that uses constantly recirculating water to grow plants, fish or a combination of both.

Shellfish: any fish that has a “shell” — crab, lobster, crawfish, shrimp, mussels, oysters etc.

Sustainable: the capacity to endure. When referring to environmental sustainability — it indicates no long-term harm to the natural environment. Often also associated with the terms eco-friendly or green.